Michigan's Rare Animals

This list presents the Endangered (E), Threatened (T), and Probably Extirpated (X) animal species of Michigan, which are protected under the Endangered Species Act of the State of Michigan (Part 365 of PA 451, 1994 Michigan Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act). The current list became effective on April 9, 2009, after extensive review by technical advisors to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and the citizenry of the state.

Also included in this list are animal species of Special Concern (SC). While not afforded legal protection under the Act, many of these species are of concern because of declining or relict populations in the state. Should these species continue to decline, they would be recommended for Threatened or Endangered status. Protection of Special Concern species now, before they reach dangerously low population levels, would prevent the need to list them in the future by maintaining adequate numbers of self-sustaining populations within Michigan. Some other potentially rare species are listed as Special Concern pending more precise information on their status in the state; when such information becomes available, they could be moved to threatened or endangered status or deleted from the list.

Amphibians and reptiles that are listed as special concern (SC) are legally protected under the Michigan Department of Natural Resources Director's Order No. FO-224.13. It is unlawful to kill, take, trap, possess, buy, or sell these species from the wild except as provided in the Order.

This list was produced by the Endangered Species Program of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and the Michigan Natural Features Inventory. English names in common usage or from published sources have been incorporated, when possible, to facilitate public understanding of and participation in the Endangered Species Program. To comment on the list or request additional copies, or for information on the Endangered Species Program, contact the Endangered Species Coordinator, Wildlife Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, P.O. Box 30028, Lansing, MI 48909 (517-284-9453). To report occurrences of these species, please contact MNFI at mnfi@msu.edu.

Download Animal List
Accipiter gentilisNorthern goshawkSCS3G5
Acella haldemaniSpindle lymnaeaSCSHG3
Acipenser fulvescensLake sturgeonTS2G3G4
Acris blanchardiBlanchard's cricket frogTS2S3G5
Acronicta falculaCorylus dagger mothSCS2S3G2G4
Alasmidonta marginataElktoeSCS3?G4
Alasmidonta viridisSlippershell TS2S3G4G5
Alces americanusMooseSCS4G5
Ambystoma opacumMarbled salamanderES1G5
Ambystoma texanumSmallmouth salamanderES1G5
Ammocrypta pellucidaEastern sand darterTS1S2G4
Ammodramus henslowiiHenslow's sparrowES3G4
Ammodramus savannarumGrasshopper sparrowSCS4G5
Anaxyrus fowleriFowler's toadSCS3S4G5
Andropolia contactaCanadian giant mothSCSNRG5
Anguispira kochiBanded globeSCS1G5
Anthopotamus verticisWalker's tusked sprawlerSCSNRG5
Antrostomus vociferusEastern whip-poor-willSCS3G5
Appalachia arcanaSecretive locustSCS2G2G3
Appalachina sayanusSpike-lip craterSCS1G5T5
Asio flammeusShort-eared owlES1G5
Asio otusLong-eared owlTS1G5
Aspidoscelis sexlineataSix-lined racerunnerTS1G5
Atlanticus davisiDavis's shield-bearerSCS2S3GNR
Atrytonopsis hiannaDusted skipperSCS3G4G5
Auridius sandaracaSanders' golden leafhopperSCSNRGNR
Basilodes pepitaGold mothSCS1S2G4
Battus philenorPipevine swallowtailSCS2S3G5
Birgella subglobosusGlobe siltsnailSCSNRG4
Boloria freijaFreija fritillarySCS3S4G5
Boloria friggaFrigga fritillarySCS2G5
Bombus affinisRusty-patched bumble beeLESCSNRG1
Bombus terricolaYellow banded bumble beeSCSNRG3G5
Botaurus lentiginosusAmerican bitternSCS3G5
Brachionycha borealisBoreal brachionynchaSCS1S2G4
Brychius hungerfordiHungerford's crawling water beetleLEES1G1
Buteo lineatusRed-shouldered hawkTS4G5
Calephelis muticaSwamp metalmarkSCS1G3
Callophrys irusFrosted elfinTS2S3G3
Cambarus robustusBig water crayfishSCS2?G5
Canis lupusGray WolfLESCS4G5
Carychium nannodesFile thornSCSNRG5
Catinella exilePleistocene catinellaTS1G2
Catinella gelidaA land snail (no common name)TSHG1Q
Catinella protractaA land snail (no common name)ESNRG2Q
Catocala amestrisThree-staff underwingES1G4
Catocala dulciolaQuiet underwingSCS2S3G3
Catocala illectaMagdalen underwingSCS2S3G5
Charadrius melodusPiping ploverLEES2G3
Chlidonias nigerBlack ternSCS2G4G5
Chlosyne gorgoneGorgone checkerspotSCSHG5
Chondestes grammacusLark sparrowXSNAG5
Chordeiles minorCommon nighthawkSCS3G5
Chrosomus erythrogasterSouthern redbelly daceESHG5
Cincinnatia cincinnatiensisCampeloma spire snailSCS3G5
Circus cyaneusNorthern harrierSCS4G5
Cistothorus palustrisMarsh wrenSCS3G5
Clemmys guttataSpotted turtleTS2G5
Clinostomus elongatusRedside daceES2G3G4
Clonophis kirtlandiiKirtland's snakeES1G2
Copablepharon michiganensisMichigan dune dartSCSNRG1G2
Cordulegaster erroneaTiger spiketailSCSHG4
Coregonus artediLake herring or Cisco TS3G5
Coregonus bartlettiiSiskiwit lake ciscoTSHG3THQ
Coregonus hubbsiIves lake ciscoTS1G1Q
Coregonus johannaeDeepwater ciscoXSXGX
Coregonus kiyiKiyiSCS2S3G3G4
Coregonus nigripinnisBlackfin ciscoXSXG1Q
Coregonus reighardiShortnose ciscoXSHGH
Coregonus zenithicusShortjaw ciscoTS2G3
Cottus riceiSpoonhead sculpinSCS1S2G5
Coturnicops noveboracensisYellow railTS2G4
Cryptotis parvaLeast shrewTS1S2G5
Cyclonaias tuberculataPurple wartybackTS2G5
Cygnus buccinatorTrumpeter swanTS3G4
Dichagyris reliquaThe relicSCSNRG2G3
Discus patulusDomed discSCS1S2G5
Dorydiella kansanaLeafhopperSCS3GNR
Dryobius sexnotatusSix-banded longhorn beetleTSHGNR
Eacles imperialis piniPine imperial mothSCS2S3G5T3T4
Elliptio complanataEastern elliptioSCS2G5
Emydoidea blandingiiBlanding's turtleSCS2S3G4
Epeorus suffususA mayflySCSNAG1Q
Epioblasma obliquata perobliquaWhite catspawLEESHG1T1
Epioblasma torulosa rangianaNorthern riffleshellLEES1G2T2
Epioblasma triquetraSnuffboxLEES1S2G3
Erebia discoidalisRed-disked alpineSCS2S3G5
Erimyzon claviformisCreek chubsuckerES1G5
Erora laetaEarly hairstreakSCSHGU
Erynnis martialisMottled duskywingSCSUG3
Erynnis persius persiusPersius dusky wingTS3G5T1T3
Etheostoma spectabileOrangethroat darterSCS1G5
Euchemotrema hubrichtiCarinate pillsnailTSNRG1G3
Euchloe ausonidesLarge marbleSCSHG5
Euconulus alderiA land snail (no common name)TS2G4Q
Eucosma bipunctellaSulfur rosinweed stem borerSCSNRGNR
Eucosma giganteanaGiant eucosma mothSCSNRGNR
Euphyes dukesiDukes' skipperTS2G3
Euxoa aurulentaDune cutwormSCS2S3G5
Euxoa immixtaPrairie-relict dartSCSNRG4
Falcipennis canadensisSpruce grouseSCS2G5
Falco columbariusMerlinTS3G5
Falco peregrinusPeregrine falconES3G4
Felis concolorCougarES1G5
Fitchiella robertsoniiRobertson's Flightless PlanthopperSCS2?GNR
Fixsenia favonius ontarioNorthern hairstreakSCS1G4G5T4
Flexamia delongiLeafhopperS3GNR
Flexamia huroniHuron River leafhopperTS1GNR
Flexamia reflexaLeafhopperSCS1GNR
Fontigens nicklinianaWatercress snailSCS2S3G5
Fossaria cyclostomaBugle fossariaTSNRGH
Fossaria galbanaBoreal fossariaSCSNRG5Q
Fundulus disparStarhead topminnowSCS1G4
Gallinula galeataCommon gallinuleTS3G5
Gastrocopta holzingeriLambda snaggletooth ES1G5
Gavia immerCommon loonTS3G5
Glaucomys sabrinusNorthern flying squirrelSCS5G5
Glyphyalinia solidaA land snail (no common name)SCSNRG5
Glyptemys insculptaWood turtleSCS2G3
Guppya sterkiiSterki's granuleES1G5
Habrophlebiodes americanaA mayflySCSHG5
Haliaeetus leucocephalusBald eagleSCS4G5
Hawaiia alachuanaSoutheastern gemSCSNRG4G5Q
Helicodiscus singleyanusSmooth coilSCSNRG5
Helisoma anceps royalenseLake Superior ramshornSCSNRG5T2T3
Hendersonia occultaCherrystone dropTS1G4
Hesperia meteaCobweb skipperSCS4G4
Hesperia ottoeOttoe skipperTS1G3G4
Hiodon tergisusMooneyeTS1G5
Hydroprogne caspiaCaspian ternTS2G5
Hypocoena basistrigaA mothSCSNRGNR
Incisalia henriciHenry's elfinTS2S3G5
Ixobrychus exilisLeast bitternTS3G5
Lampsilis fasciolaWavyrayed lampmusselTS2G5
Lanius ludovicianus migransMigrant loggerhead shrikeES1G4T3Q
Lasmigona compressaCreek heelsplitterSCS3G5
Lasmigona costataFlutedshellSCSNRG5
Lepipolys perscriptaScribbled sallow mothSCSNRG4
Leptodea leptodonScaleshellLEESXG1G2
Lepyronia anguliferaAngular spittlebugSCS3G3
Lepyronia gibbosaGreat Plains spittlebugSCS3G3G4
Ligumia nasutaEastern pondmusselES2G4
Ligumia rectaBlack sandshellES1?G4G5
Limnephilus pallensA caddisflySCSUG3G4
Limotettix elegansElegant spikerush leafhopperSCSNRGNR
Liodessus cantralliCantrall's bog beetleSCSHGNR
Lithobates palustrisPickerel frogSCS3S4G5
Lordithon nigerBlack lordithon rove beetleSCSHGU
Lycaeides melissa samuelisKarner blueLETS2G5T2
Lynx canadensisLynxLTES1G5
Lyogyrus walkeriCanadian duskysnailSCSNRG4
Macrhybopsis storerianaSilver chubSCS1G5
Melanerpes erythrocephalusRed-headed woodpeckerSCS3G5
Melanoplus flavidusBlue-legged locustSCS2G4
Melanoplus viridipesGreen-legged grasshopperSCS1S3G4
Melanoplus walshiiWalsh's short-winged grasshopperSCSNRG4G5
Merolonche dolliDoll's meroloncheSCS2S3G3G4
Meropleon ambifuscaNewman's brocadeSCS2S3G3G4
Mesodon claususYellow globeletSCSNRG5
Mesodon elevatusProud globeTSHG5
Mesodon mitchellianusSealed globeletSCSNRG4
Mesodon pennsylvanicusProud globeletSCSNRG4
Mesomphix cupreusCopper buttonSCS1G5
Microtus ochrogasterPrairie voleES3G5
Microtus pinetorumWoodland voleSCS3S4G5
Moxostoma carinatumRiver redhorseTS2G4
Moxostoma duquesneiBlack RedhorseSCS2G5
Myotis lucifugusLittle brown batSCS1G3
Myotis septentrionalisNorthern long-eared batLTSCS1G1G2
Myotis sodalisIndiana batLEES1G2
Necturus maculosusMudpuppySCS3S4G5
Neoconocephalus lyristesBog coneheadSCS1S3GNR
Neohermes concolorA fishflySCSHGNR
Neonympha mitchellii mitchelliiMitchell's satyrLEES1G2T2
Nerodia erythrogaster neglectaCopperbelly water snakeLTES1G5T3
Nicrophorus americanusAmerican burying beetleLEXSHG2G3
Notropis amblopsBigeye chubXSHG5
Notropis anogenusPugnose shinerES1S2G3
Notropis chalybaeusIroncolor shinerXS1G4
Notropis dorsalisBigmouth shinerSCS2G5
Notropis photogenisSilver shinerES1G5
Notropis texanusWeed shinerXS1G5
Noturus miurusBrindled madtomSCS2G5
Noturus stigmosusNorthern madtomES1G3
Nycticeius humeralisEvening batTS2G5
Nycticorax nycticoraxBlack-crowned night-heronSCS3G5
Oarisma poweshiekPoweshiek skipperlingLETS1G1
Obliquaria reflexaThreehorn wartybackES1G5
Obovaria olivariaHickorynutES1G4
Obovaria subrotundaRound hickorynutES1G4
Oecanthus laricisTamarack tree cricketSCS3G1G2
Oeneis macouniiMacoun's arcticSCSHG5
Opheodrys vernalisSmooth green snakeSCS3G5
Ophiogomphus anomalusExtra-striped snaketailSCS2S3G4
Ophiogomphus howeiPygmy snaketailTS1G3
Opsopoeodus emiliaePugnose minnowES1G5
Orchelimum concinnumRed-faced meadow katydidSCS2S3GNR
Orchelimum delicatumDelicate meadow katydidSCS1S3GNR
Orconectes immunisCalico crayfishSCS4G5
Orphulella pelidnaGreen desert grasshopperSCS2S3G5
Oxyloma peorienseDepressed ambersnailSCSNRG4G5
Pachypolia atricornisThree-horned mothSCS1S3G3G4
Pallifera fosteriFoster mantleslugTS1G5
Pandion haliaetusOspreySCS4G5
Pantherophis gloydiEastern fox snakeTS2G3
Pantherophis spiloidesGray ratsnakeSCS2S3G4G5
Papaipema astutaAstute stoneroot borer mothSCSNRG2G4
Papaipema awemeAweme borerSCS1G1
Papaipema beerianaBlazing star borerSCS2G2G3
Papaipema cerinaGolden borerSCS2G2G4
Papaipema maritimaMaritime sunflower borerSCS2G3
Papaipema sciataCulvers root borerSCS3G3
Papaipema silphiiSilphium borer mothTS1G3G4
Papaipema speciosissimaRegal fern borerSCS2S3G4
Parkesia motacillaLouisiana waterthrushTS2G5
Paroxya hoosieriHoosier locustSCS1S3G5
Percina copelandiChannel darterES1G4
Percina shumardiRiver darterES1G5
Perimyotis subflavusEastern pipistrelleSCS1G2G3
Phalaropus tricolorWilson's phalaropeSCS3G5
Philomycus carolinianusCarolina mantleslugSCS2G5
Photedes includensIncluded cordgrass borer mothSCSNRG4
Photedes inopsSpartina mothSCS2S3G3G4
Physella magnalacustrisGreat Lakes physaSCSNRG5Q
Physella parkeriBroadshoulder physaTSNRG2Q
Picoides arcticusBlack-backed woodpeckerSCS2G5
Pisidium amnicumGreater European pea clamSCSNAG5
Pisidium cruciatumOrnamanted peaclamSCSNRG4?
Pisidium equilateraleRound peaclamSCSNRG4G5
Pisidium idahoenseGiant northern pea clamSCSNRG5
Pisidium simplexA fingernail clamSCSNRG5
Planogyra asteriscusEastern flat-whorlSCS2S3G4
Planorbella multivolvisAcorn ramshornESXGX
Planorbella smithiAn aquatic snail (no common name)ESHG5T2
Plebejus idas nabokoviNorthern blueTS2G5TU
Pleurobema clavaClubshellLEES1G1G2
Pleurobema sintoxiaRound pigtoeSCS3G4G5
Polygonia gracilisHoary commaSCSHG5
Polyodon spathulaPaddlefishXSXG4
Pomatiopsis cincinnatiensisBrown walkerSCSHG4
Potamilus alatusPink heelsplitterSCSNRG5
Potamilus ohiensisPink papershellTSNRG5
Proserpinus flavofasciataYellow-banded day-sphinxSCS1S2G4G5
Protonotaria citreaProthonotary warblerSCS3G5
Pseudacris maculataBoreal chorus frogSCS1G5
Psinidia fenestralisAtlantic-coast locustSCS1S3G5
Ptychobranchus fasciolarisKidney shellSCS2G4G5
Pupilla muscorumWidespread columnSCS2G5
Pyganodon lacustrisLake floaterSCSNRGU
Pyganodon subgibbosaRound lake floaterTS1G1Q
Pygarctia spragueiSprague's pygarctiaSCS2S3G5
Pyrgulopsis letsoniGravel pyrgSCSHGU
Pyrgus wyandotGrizzled skipperSCS1S2G1G2Q
Rallus elegansKing railES2G4
Regina septemvittataQueen snakeSCS2S3G5
Resapamea stipataFour-lined borer mothSCSNRG4
Sander canadensisSaugerTS1G5
Sander glaucusBlue pikeXSXG5TX
Schinia indianaPhlox mothES1G2G4
Schinia lucensLeadplant mothES1G4
Scudderia fasciataPine katydidSCS1S3GNR
Setophaga ceruleaCerulean warblerTS3G4
Setophaga citrinaHooded warblerSCS3G5
Setophaga discolorPrairie warblerES3G5
Setophaga dominicaYellow-throated warblerTS3G5
Setophaga kirtlandiiKirtland's warblerLEES3G3G4
Sideridis congermanaGerman cousin mothSCSNRGNR
Simpsonaias ambiguaSalamander musselES1G3
Siren intermedia nettingiWestern lesser sirenSCSHG5T5
Sistrurus catenatusEastern massasaugaLTSCS3G3
Somatochlora hineanaHine's emerald dragonflyLEES1G2G3
Somatochlora incurvataIncurvate emeraldSCS3S4G4
Sorex fumeusSmoky shrewTS1G5
Speyeria idaliaRegal fritillaryESHG3
Sphaerium corneumEuropean pea clamSCSNRG5
Sphaerium fabaleRiver fingernail clamSCSNRG5
Spiza americanaDickcisselSCS3G5
Stagnicola contractaDeepwater pondsnailESHG1
Stagnicola petoskeyensisPetoskey pondsnailESHGH
Stagnicola woodruffiColdwater pondsnailSCSNRG2G3Q
Stenelmis douglasensisDouglas stenelmis riffle beetleSCS1S2G1G3
Sterna forsteriForster's ternTS2G5
Sterna hirundoCommon ternTS2G5
Striatura meridionalisMedian striateSCSNRG5
Sturnella neglectaWestern meadowlarkSCS4G5
Stylurus amnicolaRiverine snaketailSCS2S3G4
Stylurus lauraeLaura's snaketailSCS3G4
Stylurus notatusElusive snaketailSCS1S2G3
Stylurus plagiatusRusset-tipped clubtailSCS1G5
Sympistis piffardi3-striped oncocnemisSCS2S3G4
Sympistis saundersianaSaunders' sallow mothSCSNRGNR
Sympistis viriditinctaGreen-spotted sympistisSCSNRGNR
Tachopteryx thoreyiGrey petaltailTS1G4
Terrapene carolina carolinaEastern box turtleSCS2S3G5T5
Thamnophis butleriButler's garter snakeSCS4G4
Thymallus arcticusArctic graylingXSXG5
Toxolasma lividusPurple lilliputES1G3Q
Toxolasma parvumLilliputES1G5
Trimerotropis huronianaLake Huron locustTS2S3G2G3
Triodopsis denotataVelvet wedgeSCSHG5
Truncilla donaciformisFawnsfootTS1G5
Truncilla truncataDeertoeSCS2S3G5
Tympanuchus phasianellusSharp-tailed grouseSCS3S4G5
Tyto albaBarn owlES1G5
Utterbackia imbecillisPaper pondshellSCS2S3G5
Vallonia gracilicosta albulaA land snail (no common name)ES2G4Q
Vallonia parvulaTrumpet valloniaSCSNRG4
Valvata perdepressaPurplecap valvataSCSNRG2G3
Valvata winnebagoensisFlanged valvataSCSNRG2?
Ventridens intertextusPyramid domeSCSNRG5
Ventridens suppressusFlat domeSCSNRG5
Venustaconcha ellipsiformisEllipseSCS3G4
Vermivora chrysopteraGolden-winged warblerSCS5G4
Vertigo bollesianaDelicate vertigoTS2G4
Vertigo cristataCrested vertigoSCS3G5
Vertigo elatiorTapered vertigoSCS3G5
Vertigo hubrichtiHubricht's vertigoES2G3Q
Vertigo modesta modestaA land snail (no common name)ES1G5T4
Vertigo modesta parietalisA land snail (no common name)ES1G5T3Q
Vertigo morseiSix-whorl vertigoES1?G3
Vertigo nylanderiDeep-throat vertigoES1?G3G4
Vertigo paradoxaMystery vertigoSCS3S4G4G5Q
Vertigo pygmaeaCrested vertigoSCS1S2G5
Vertigo tridentataHoney vertigoSCSNRG5
Villosa fabalisRayed beanLEES1S2G2
Villosa irisRainbowSCS3G5Q
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalusYellow-headed blackbirdSCS2G5
Xestia imperitaImperitive xestiaSCSNRG5
Xestia perquiritataA mothSCSNRG5