Michigan's Rare Animals

This list presents the Endangered (E), Threatened (T), and Probably Extirpated (X) animal species of Michigan, which are protected under the Endangered Species Act of the State of Michigan (Part 365 of PA 451, 1994 Michigan Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act). The current list became effective on April 9, 2009, after extensive review by technical advisors to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and the citizenry of the state.

Also included in this list are animal species of Special Concern (SC). While not afforded legal protection under the Act, many of these species are of concern because of declining or relict populations in the state. Should these species continue to decline, they would be recommended for Threatened or Endangered status. Protection of Special Concern species now, before they reach dangerously low population levels, would prevent the need to list them in the future by maintaining adequate numbers of self-sustaining populations within Michigan. Some other potentially rare species are listed as Special Concern pending more precise information on their status in the state; when such information becomes available, they could be moved to threatened or endangered status or deleted from the list.

Amphibians and reptiles that are listed as special concern (SC) are legally protected under the Michigan Department of Natural Resources Director's Order No. FO-224.13. It is unlawful to kill, take, trap, possess, buy, or sell these species from the wild except as provided in the Order.

This list was produced by the Endangered Species Program of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and the Michigan Natural Features Inventory. English names in common usage or from published sources have been incorporated, when possible, to facilitate public understanding of and participation in the Endangered Species Program. To comment on the list or request additional copies, or for information on the Endangered Species Program, contact the Endangered Species Coordinator, Wildlife Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, P.O. Box 30028, Lansing, MI 48909 (517-284-9453). To report occurrences of these species, please contact MNFI at mnfi@msu.edu.

Download Animal List
Accipiter gentilisNorthern goshawkSCG5S3
Acella haldemaniSpindle lymnaeaSCG3SH
Acipenser fulvescensLake sturgeonTG3G4S2
Acris blanchardiBlanchard's cricket frogTG5S2S3
Acronicta falculaCorylus dagger mothSCG2G4S2S3
Alasmidonta marginataElktoeSCG4S3?
Alasmidonta viridisSlippershell TG4G5S2S3
Alces americanusMooseSCG5S4
Ambystoma opacumMarbled salamanderEG5S1
Ambystoma texanumSmallmouth salamanderEG5S1
Ammocrypta pellucidaEastern sand darterTG4S1S2
Ammodramus henslowiiHenslow's sparrowEG4S3
Ammodramus savannarumGrasshopper sparrowSCG5S4
Anaxyrus fowleriFowler's toadSCG5S3S4
Andropolia contactaCanadian giant mothSCG5SNR
Anguispira kochiBanded globeSCG5S1
Anthopotamus verticisWalker's tusked sprawlerSCG5SNR
Antrostomus vociferusEastern whip-poor-willSCG5S3
Appalachia arcanaSecretive locustSCG2G3S2
Appalachina sayanusSpike-lip craterSCG5T5S1
Asio flammeusShort-eared owlEG5S1
Asio otusLong-eared owlTG5S1
Aspidoscelis sexlineataSix-lined racerunnerTG5S1
Atlanticus davisiDavis's shield-bearerSCGNRS2S3
Atrytonopsis hiannaDusted skipperSCG4G5S3
Auridius sandaracaSanders' golden leafhopperSCGNRSNR
Basilodes pepitaGold mothSCG4S1S2
Battus philenorPipevine swallowtailSCG5S2S3
Birgella subglobosusGlobe siltsnailSCG4SNR
Boloria freijaFreija fritillarySCG5S3S4
Boloria friggaFrigga fritillarySCG5S2
Bombus affinisRusty-patched bumble beeLESCG1SNR
Bombus terricolaYellow banded bumble beeSCG3G5SNR
Botaurus lentiginosusAmerican bitternSCG5S3
Brachionycha borealisBoreal brachionynchaSCG4S1S2
Brychius hungerfordiHungerford's crawling water beetleLEEG1S1
Buteo lineatusRed-shouldered hawkTG5S4
Calephelis muticaSwamp metalmarkSCG3S1
Callophrys irusFrosted elfinTG3S2S3
Cambarus robustusBig water crayfishSCG5S2?
Canis lupusGray WolfLESCG5S4
Carychium nannodesFile thornSCG5SNR
Catinella exilePleistocene catinellaTG2S1
Catinella gelidaA land snail (no common name)TG1QSH
Catinella protractaA land snail (no common name)EG2QSNR
Catocala amestrisThree-staff underwingEG4S1
Catocala dulciolaQuiet underwingSCG3S2S3
Catocala illectaMagdalen underwingSCG5S2S3
Charadrius melodusPiping ploverLEEG3S2
Chlidonias nigerBlack ternSCG4G5S2
Chlosyne gorgoneGorgone checkerspotSCG5SH
Chondestes grammacusLark sparrowXG5SNA
Chordeiles minorCommon nighthawkSCG5S3
Chrosomus erythrogasterSouthern redbelly daceEG5SH
Cincinnatia cincinnatiensisCampeloma spire snailSCG5S3
Circus cyaneusNorthern harrierSCG5S4
Cistothorus palustrisMarsh wrenSCG5S3
Clemmys guttataSpotted turtleTG5S2
Clinostomus elongatusRedside daceEG3G4S2
Clonophis kirtlandiiKirtland's snakeEG2S1
Copablepharon michiganensisMichigan dune dartSCG1G2SNR
Cordulegaster erroneaTiger spiketailSCG4SH
Coregonus artediLake herring or Cisco TG5S3
Coregonus bartlettiiSiskiwit lake ciscoTG3THQSH
Coregonus hubbsiIves lake ciscoTG1QS1
Coregonus johannaeDeepwater ciscoXGXSX
Coregonus kiyiKiyiSCG3G4S2S3
Coregonus nigripinnisBlackfin ciscoXG1QSX
Coregonus reighardiShortnose ciscoXGHSH
Coregonus zenithicusShortjaw ciscoTG3S2
Cottus riceiSpoonhead sculpinSCG5S1S2
Coturnicops noveboracensisYellow railTG4S2
Cryptotis parvaLeast shrewTG5S1S2
Cyclonaias tuberculataPurple wartybackTG5S2
Cygnus buccinatorTrumpeter swanTG4S3
Dichagyris reliquaThe relicSCG2G3SNR
Discus patulusDomed discSCG5S1S2
Dorydiella kansanaLeafhopperSCGNRS3
Dryobius sexnotatusSix-banded longhorn beetleTGNRSH
Eacles imperialis piniPine imperial mothSCG5T3T4S2S3
Elliptio complanataEastern elliptioSCG5S2
Emydoidea blandingiiBlanding's turtleSCG4S2S3
Epeorus suffususA mayflySCG1QSNA
Epioblasma obliquata perobliquaWhite catspawLEEG1T1SH
Epioblasma torulosa rangianaNorthern riffleshellLEEG2T2S1
Epioblasma triquetraSnuffboxLEEG3S1S2
Erebia discoidalisRed-disked alpineSCG5S2S3
Erimyzon claviformisCreek chubsuckerEG5S1
Erora laetaEarly hairstreakSCGUSH
Erynnis martialisMottled duskywingSCG3SU
Erynnis persius persiusPersius dusky wingTG5T1T3S3
Etheostoma spectabileOrangethroat darterSCG5S1
Euchemotrema hubrichtiCarinate pillsnailTG1G3SNR
Euchloe ausonidesLarge marbleSCG5SH
Euconulus alderiA land snail (no common name)TG4QS2
Eucosma bipunctellaSulfur rosinweed stem borerSCGNRSNR
Eucosma giganteanaGiant eucosma mothSCGNRSNR
Euphyes dukesiDukes' skipperTG3S2
Euxoa aurulentaDune cutwormSCG5S2S3
Euxoa immixtaPrairie-relict dartSCG4SNR
Falcipennis canadensisSpruce grouseSCG5S2
Falco columbariusMerlinTG5S3
Falco peregrinusPeregrine falconEG4S3
Felis concolorCougarEG5S1
Fitchiella robertsoniiRobertson's Flightless PlanthopperSCGNRS2?
Fixsenia favonius ontarioNorthern hairstreakSCG4G5T4S1
Flexamia delongiLeafhopperGNRS3
Flexamia huroniHuron River leafhopperTGNRS1
Flexamia reflexaLeafhopperSCGNRS1
Fontigens nicklinianaWatercress snailSCG5S2S3
Fossaria cyclostomaBugle fossariaTGHSNR
Fossaria galbanaBoreal fossariaSCG5QSNR
Fundulus disparStarhead topminnowSCG4S1
Gallinula galeataCommon gallinuleTG5S3
Gastrocopta holzingeriLambda snaggletooth EG5S1
Gavia immerCommon loonTG5S3
Glaucomys sabrinusNorthern flying squirrelSCG5S5
Glyphyalinia solidaA land snail (no common name)SCG5SNR
Glyptemys insculptaWood turtleSCG3S2
Guppya sterkiiSterki's granuleEG5S1
Habrophlebiodes americanaA mayflySCG5SH
Haliaeetus leucocephalusBald eagleSCG5S4
Hawaiia alachuanaSoutheastern gemSCG4G5QSNR
Helicodiscus singleyanusSmooth coilSCG5SNR
Helisoma anceps royalenseLake Superior ramshornSCG5T2T3SNR
Hendersonia occultaCherrystone dropTG4S1
Hesperia meteaCobweb skipperSCG4S4
Hesperia ottoeOttoe skipperTG3G4S1
Hiodon tergisusMooneyeTG5S1
Hydroprogne caspiaCaspian ternTG5S2
Hypocoena basistrigaA mothSCGNRSNR
Incisalia henriciHenry's elfinTG5S2S3
Ixobrychus exilisLeast bitternTG5S3
Lampsilis fasciolaWavyrayed lampmusselTG5S2
Lanius ludovicianus migransMigrant loggerhead shrikeEG4T3QS1
Lasmigona compressaCreek heelsplitterSCG5S3
Lasmigona costataFlutedshellSCG5SNR
Lepipolys perscriptaScribbled sallow mothSCG4SNR
Leptodea leptodonScaleshellLEEG1G2SX
Lepyronia anguliferaAngular spittlebugSCG3S3
Lepyronia gibbosaGreat Plains spittlebugSCG3G4S3
Ligumia nasutaEastern pondmusselEG4S2
Ligumia rectaBlack sandshellEG4G5S1?
Limnephilus pallensA caddisflySCG3G4SU
Limotettix elegansElegant spikerush leafhopperSCGNRSNR
Liodessus cantralliCantrall's bog beetleSCGNRSH
Lithobates palustrisPickerel frogSCG5S3S4
Lordithon nigerBlack lordithon rove beetleSCGUSH
Lycaeides melissa samuelisKarner blueLETG5T2S2
Lynx canadensisLynxLTEG5S1
Lyogyrus walkeriCanadian duskysnailSCG4SNR
Macrhybopsis storerianaSilver chubSCG5S1
Melanerpes erythrocephalusRed-headed woodpeckerSCG5S3
Melanoplus flavidusBlue-legged locustSCG4S2
Melanoplus viridipesGreen-legged grasshopperSCG4S1S3
Melanoplus walshiiWalsh's short-winged grasshopperSCG4G5SNR
Merolonche dolliDoll's meroloncheSCG3G4S2S3
Meropleon ambifuscaNewman's brocadeSCG3G4S2S3
Mesodon claususYellow globeletSCG5SNR
Mesodon elevatusProud globeTG5SH
Mesodon mitchellianusSealed globeletSCG4SNR
Mesodon pennsylvanicusProud globeletSCG4SNR
Mesomphix cupreusCopper buttonSCG5S1
Microtus ochrogasterPrairie voleEG5S3
Microtus pinetorumWoodland voleSCG5S3S4
Moxostoma carinatumRiver redhorseTG4S2
Moxostoma duquesneiBlack RedhorseSCG5S2
Myotis lucifugusLittle brown batSCG3S1
Myotis septentrionalisNorthern long-eared batLTSCG1G2S1
Myotis sodalisIndiana batLEEG2S1
Necturus maculosusMudpuppySCG5S3S4
Neoconocephalus lyristesBog coneheadSCGNRS1S3
Neohermes concolorA fishflySCGNRSH
Neonympha mitchellii mitchelliiMitchell's satyrLEEG2T2S1
Nerodia erythrogaster neglectaCopperbelly water snakeLTEG5T3S1
Nicrophorus americanusAmerican burying beetleLEXG2G3SH
Notropis amblopsBigeye chubXG5SH
Notropis anogenusPugnose shinerEG3S1S2
Notropis chalybaeusIroncolor shinerXG4S1
Notropis dorsalisBigmouth shinerSCG5S2
Notropis photogenisSilver shinerEG5S1
Notropis texanusWeed shinerXG5S1
Noturus miurusBrindled madtomSCG5S2
Noturus stigmosusNorthern madtomEG3S1
Nycticeius humeralisEvening batTG5S2
Nycticorax nycticoraxBlack-crowned night-heronSCG5S3
Oarisma poweshiekPoweshiek skipperlingLETG1S1
Obliquaria reflexaThreehorn wartybackEG5S1
Obovaria olivariaHickorynutEG4S1
Obovaria subrotundaRound hickorynutEG4S1
Oecanthus laricisTamarack tree cricketSCG1G2S3
Oeneis macouniiMacoun's arcticSCG5SH
Opheodrys vernalisSmooth green snakeSCG5S3
Ophiogomphus anomalusExtra-striped snaketailSCG4S2S3
Ophiogomphus howeiPygmy snaketailTG3S1
Opsopoeodus emiliaePugnose minnowEG5S1
Orchelimum concinnumRed-faced meadow katydidSCGNRS2S3
Orchelimum delicatumDelicate meadow katydidSCGNRS1S3
Orconectes immunisCalico crayfishSCG5S4
Orphulella pelidnaGreen desert grasshopperSCG5S2S3
Oxyloma peorienseDepressed ambersnailSCG4G5SNR
Pachypolia atricornisThree-horned mothSCG3G4S1S3
Pallifera fosteriFoster mantleslugTG5S1
Pandion haliaetusOspreySCG5S4
Pantherophis gloydiEastern fox snakeTG3S2
Pantherophis spiloidesGray ratsnakeSCG4G5S2S3
Papaipema astutaAstute stoneroot borer mothSCG2G4SNR
Papaipema awemeAweme borerSCG1S1
Papaipema beerianaBlazing star borerSCG2G3S2
Papaipema cerinaGolden borerSCG2G4S2
Papaipema maritimaMaritime sunflower borerSCG3S2
Papaipema sciataCulvers root borerSCG3S3
Papaipema silphiiSilphium borer mothTG3G4S1
Papaipema speciosissimaRegal fern borerSCG4S2S3
Parkesia motacillaLouisiana waterthrushTG5S2
Paroxya hoosieriHoosier locustSCG5S1S3
Percina copelandiChannel darterEG4S1
Percina shumardiRiver darterEG5S1
Perimyotis subflavusEastern pipistrelleSCG2G3S1
Phalaropus tricolorWilson's phalaropeSCG5S3
Philomycus carolinianusCarolina mantleslugSCG5S2
Photedes includensIncluded cordgrass borer mothSCG4SNR
Photedes inopsSpartina mothSCG3G4S2S3
Physella magnalacustrisGreat Lakes physaSCG5QSNR
Physella parkeriBroadshoulder physaTG2QSNR
Picoides arcticusBlack-backed woodpeckerSCG5S2
Pisidium amnicumGreater European pea clamSCG5SNA
Pisidium cruciatumOrnamanted peaclamSCG4?SNR
Pisidium equilateraleRound peaclamSCG4G5SNR
Pisidium idahoenseGiant northern pea clamSCG5SNR
Pisidium simplexA fingernail clamSCG5SNR
Planogyra asteriscusEastern flat-whorlSCG4S2S3
Planorbella multivolvisAcorn ramshornEGXSX
Planorbella smithiAn aquatic snail (no common name)EG5T2SH
Plebejus idas nabokoviNorthern blueTG5TUS2
Pleurobema clavaClubshellLEEG1G2S1
Pleurobema sintoxiaRound pigtoeSCG4G5S3
Polygonia gracilisHoary commaSCG5SH
Polyodon spathulaPaddlefishXG4SX
Pomatiopsis cincinnatiensisBrown walkerSCG4SH
Potamilus alatusPink heelsplitterSCG5SNR
Potamilus ohiensisPink papershellTG5SNR
Proserpinus flavofasciataYellow-banded day-sphinxSCG4G5S1S2
Protonotaria citreaProthonotary warblerSCG5S3
Pseudacris maculataBoreal chorus frogSCG5S1
Psinidia fenestralisAtlantic-coast locustSCG5S1S3
Ptychobranchus fasciolarisKidney shellSCG4G5S2
Pupilla muscorumWidespread columnSCG5S2
Pyganodon lacustrisLake floaterSCGUSNR
Pyganodon subgibbosaRound lake floaterTG1QS1
Pygarctia spragueiSprague's pygarctiaSCG5S2S3
Pyrgulopsis letsoniGravel pyrgSCGUSH
Pyrgus wyandotGrizzled skipperSCG1G2QS1S2
Rallus elegansKing railEG4S2
Regina septemvittataQueen snakeSCG5S2S3
Resapamea stipataFour-lined borer mothSCG4SNR
Sander canadensisSaugerTG5S1
Sander glaucusBlue pikeXG5TXSX
Schinia indianaPhlox mothEG2G4S1
Schinia lucensLeadplant mothEG4S1
Scudderia fasciataPine katydidSCGNRS1S3
Setophaga ceruleaCerulean warblerTG4S3
Setophaga citrinaHooded warblerSCG5S3
Setophaga discolorPrairie warblerEG5S3
Setophaga dominicaYellow-throated warblerTG5S3
Setophaga kirtlandiiKirtland's warblerLEEG3G4S3
Sideridis congermanaGerman cousin mothSCGNRSNR
Simpsonaias ambiguaSalamander musselEG3S1
Siren intermedia nettingiWestern lesser sirenSCG5T5SH
Sistrurus catenatusEastern massasaugaLTSCG3S3
Somatochlora hineanaHine's emerald dragonflyLEEG2G3S1
Somatochlora incurvataIncurvate emeraldSCG4S3S4
Sorex fumeusSmoky shrewTG5S1
Speyeria idaliaRegal fritillaryEG3SH
Sphaerium corneumEuropean pea clamSCG5SNR
Sphaerium fabaleRiver fingernail clamSCG5SNR
Spiza americanaDickcisselSCG5S3
Stagnicola contractaDeepwater pondsnailEG1SH
Stagnicola petoskeyensisPetoskey pondsnailEGHSH
Stagnicola woodruffiColdwater pondsnailSCG2G3QSNR
Stenelmis douglasensisDouglas stenelmis riffle beetleSCG1G3S1S2
Sterna forsteriForster's ternTG5S2
Sterna hirundoCommon ternTG5S2
Striatura meridionalisMedian striateSCG5SNR
Sturnella neglectaWestern meadowlarkSCG5S4
Stylurus amnicolaRiverine snaketailSCG4S2S3
Stylurus lauraeLaura's snaketailSCG4S3
Stylurus notatusElusive snaketailSCG3S1S2
Stylurus plagiatusRusset-tipped clubtailSCG5S1
Sympistis piffardi3-striped oncocnemisSCG4S2S3
Sympistis saundersianaSaunders' sallow mothSCGNRSNR
Sympistis viriditinctaGreen-spotted sympistisSCGNRSNR
Tachopteryx thoreyiGrey petaltailTG4S1
Terrapene carolina carolinaEastern box turtleSCG5T5S2S3
Thamnophis butleriButler's garter snakeSCG4S4
Thymallus arcticusArctic graylingXG5SX
Toxolasma lividusPurple lilliputEG3QS1
Toxolasma parvumLilliputEG5S1
Trimerotropis huronianaLake Huron locustTG2G3S2S3
Triodopsis denotataVelvet wedgeSCG5SH
Truncilla donaciformisFawnsfootTG5S1
Truncilla truncataDeertoeSCG5S2S3
Tympanuchus phasianellusSharp-tailed grouseSCG5S3S4
Tyto albaBarn owlEG5S1
Utterbackia imbecillisPaper pondshellSCG5S2S3
Vallonia gracilicosta albulaA land snail (no common name)EG4QS2
Vallonia parvulaTrumpet valloniaSCG4SNR
Valvata perdepressaPurplecap valvataSCG2G3SNR
Valvata winnebagoensisFlanged valvataSCG2?SNR
Ventridens intertextusPyramid domeSCG5SNR
Ventridens suppressusFlat domeSCG5SNR
Venustaconcha ellipsiformisEllipseSCG4S3
Vermivora chrysopteraGolden-winged warblerSCG4S5
Vertigo bollesianaDelicate vertigoTG4S2
Vertigo cristataCrested vertigoSCG5S3
Vertigo elatiorTapered vertigoSCG5S3
Vertigo hubrichtiHubricht's vertigoEG3QS2
Vertigo modesta modestaA land snail (no common name)EG5T4S1
Vertigo modesta parietalisA land snail (no common name)EG5T3QS1
Vertigo morseiSix-whorl vertigoEG3S1?
Vertigo nylanderiDeep-throat vertigoEG3G4S1?
Vertigo paradoxaMystery vertigoSCG4G5QS3S4
Vertigo pygmaeaCrested vertigoSCG5S1S2
Vertigo tridentataHoney vertigoSCG5SNR
Villosa fabalisRayed beanLEEG2S1S2
Villosa irisRainbowSCG5QS3
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalusYellow-headed blackbirdSCG5S2
Xestia imperitaImperitive xestiaSCG5SNR
Xestia perquiritataA mothSCG5SNR