Plants and Animals

Coregonus kiyi Kiyi

Key Characteristics

This salmonide has a pointed snout with a lower jaw that extends slightly beyond the upper jaw. The lower jaw and upper lip are darkly pigmented. This species has a large eye that is nearly equal to its snout length. The lateral line scales are usually 73 to 87.

Status and Rank

US Status: No Status/Not Listed
State Status: SC - Special Concern (rare or uncertain; not legally protected)
Global Rank: G3G4 - Rank is uncertain, ranging from vulnerable to apparently secure
State Rank: S2S3 - Rank is uncertain, ranging from imperiled to vulnerable


CountyNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Alger 4 2000
Allegan 1 1983
Baraga 3 2001
Chippewa 1 1998
Houghton 3 2001
Keweenaw 10 2001
Mackinac 1 2000
Manistee 1 1983
Marquette 7 2001
Ontonagon 2 2000
Ottawa 1 1983

Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


This deep, cold water species is endemic to the Great Lakes (except Lake Erie).

Specific Habitat Needs

55-183 m depth water needed in: Great lake, pelagic, midwater.

Natural Community Types

  • Great lake, pelagic, midwater

For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Management Recommendations

Exotic species are a threat to this species. Manage introduced species to limit competition (e.g. alewife, rainbow smelt) or food web disruption (e.g. loss of Diporeia). Eutrophication may also be a limiting factor interfering with reproduction (Colby et al. 1972).

Active Period

Breeding from first week of November to fourth week of December

Survey Methods

Deepwater trawls

Survey Period: From first week of November to fourth week of October

Gill nets

Survey Period: From first week of November to fourth week of October


Survey References

  • Murphy, B.R. and D.W. Willis, eds. 1996. Fisheries Techniques, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda. 732pp.

Technical References

  • Bailey, R.M., W.C. Latta, and G.R. Smith. 2004. An Atlas of Michigan Fishes. Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 192, Ann Arbor. 215p.
  • Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.
  • Colby, P.J. and G.N. Washburn. 1972. Feeding behavior of lake whitefish and lake herring in Torch Lake, Michigan. Progressive Fish-Culturist 34(3):151.
  • Page, L. M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432pp.
  • Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bulletin 184, Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 966pp.