Plants and Animals
Empetrum nigrum Black crowberry
Low evergreen mat-forming shrub of rocky shores and fens in the Upper Peninsula; leaves crowded, linear, very short (> 1 cm), with strongly rolled-under margins; flowers inconspicuous; fruits black, berry-like, borne in upper leaf axils.
Status and Rank
US Status: No Status/Not Listed
State Status: T - Threatened (legally protected)
Global Rank: G5 - Secure
State Rank: S2 - Imperiled
|County||Number of Occurrences||Year Last Observed|
Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.
Found on sandstone rock outcrops, in open, marly cedar or black spruce fens, and on exposed sandy bluffs and pine-dominated dune ridges. There is one historic record from an acidic peatland complex.
Natural Community Types
- Dry-mesic northern forest
- Northern fen
- Poor conifer swamp
- Sandstone lakeshore cliff
- Volcanic bedrock lakeshore
- Volcanic lakeshore cliff
For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.
Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.
Sphagnum moss, sedges, leatherleaf, bog rosemary, wild calla, round-leaved sundew, cotton-grass, swamp-laurel, large cranberry, small cranberry, three-leaved false Solomon's-seal, yellow lady's-slipper, showy lady's-slipper, Labrador tea, heart-leaved twayblade, blunt-leaf orchid, marsh fern, pitcher-plant,and bog birch.
Primarily requires perpetuation of hydrological regime and protection of habitat. Protect from excessive foot traffic and ORVs.
Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.
Survey Period: From fourth week of June to fourth week of August
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- Gray, A. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany; eighth ed. Van Nostrand Reinghold, New York. 1632pp.
- Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Manual of the Grasses of the United States. Second ed. Revised by A. Chase. U.S. Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publications 200. 1051pp.
- Scoggan, H.J. 1978. The Flora of Canada. National Museum of Natural Science Publications Botany 4: 1711pp.
- Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II. Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bulletin of the Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. 724pp.