Boreal Forest Plant List

Graminoids

  • sedges (Carex deweyana and C. eburnea)
  • blue wild-rye (Elymus glaucus)
  • false melic (Schizachne purpurascens)

Forbs

  • red baneberry (Actaea rubra)
  • trail-plant (Adenocaulon bicolor)
  • wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
  • calypso (Calypso bulbosa)
  • bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)
  • goldthread (Coptis trifolia)
  • ram’s head lady-slipper (Cypripedium arietinum)
  • large-leaved aster (Eurybia macrophylla)
  • fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)
  • Menzie’s rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera oblongifolia)
  • creeping rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera repens)
  • twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
  • Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
  • starry false Solomon-seal (Maianthemum stellatum)
  • false mayflower (Maianthemum trifolium)
  • partridge berry (Mitchella repens)
  • naked miterwort (Mitella nuda)
  • one-flowered pyrola (Moneses uniflora)
  • broad-leaved twayblade (Neottia convallarioides)
  • one-sided pyrola (Orthilia secunda)
  • northern wood-sorrel (Oxalis acetosella)
  • sweet-coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus)
  • gay-wings (Polygala paucifolia)
  • green shinleaf (Pyrola chlorantha)
  • lesser pyrola (Pyrola minor)
  • twisted-stalks (Streptopus spp.)
  • starflower (Trientalis borealis)

Ferns

  • wood ferns (Dryopteris spp.)
  • oak fern (Gymnocarpium dryopteris)
  • bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)

Fern Allies

  • ground-pines (Dendrolycopodium dendroideum and D. obscurum)
  • shining clubmoss (Huperzia lucidula)
  • running ground-pine (Lycopodium clavatum)
  • stiff clubmoss (Spinulum annotinum)

Lichens

  • usnea lichens (Usnea spp.)

Mosses

  • dicranum moss (Dicranum montanum)
  • stair step moss (Hylocomium splendens)
  • largetooth calcareous moss (Mnium spinulosum)
  • big red stem moss (Pleurozium schreberi)
  • oncophorus moss (Oncophorus wahlenbergii)
  • ostrich-plume moss (Ptilium crista-castrensis)
  • shaggy moss (Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus)

Shrubs

  • tag alder (Alnus incana)
  • mountain alder (Alnus viridis)
  • bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
  • bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
  • round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)
  • bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)
  • wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
  • common juniper (Juniperus communis)
  • Canadian fly honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis)
  • prickly gooseberry (Ribes cynosbati)
  • skunk currant (Ribes glandulosum)
  • thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)
  • dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)
  • soapberry (Shepherdia canadensis)
  • snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
  • Canada yew (Taxus canadensis)
  • tall bilberry (Vaccinium membranaceum)
  • Canada blueberry (Vaccinium myrtilloides)
  • oval-leaved bilberry (Vaccinium ovalifolium)

Trees

  • balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
  • striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
  • red maple (Acer rubrum)
  • mountain maple (Acer spicatum)
  • paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
  • white spruce (Picea glauca)
  • black spruce (Picea mariana)
  • jack pine (Pinus banksiana)
  • red pine (Pinus resinosa)
  • white pine (Pinus strobus)
  • balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)
  • quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)
  • American mountain-ash (Sorbus americana)
  • mountain-ash (Sorbus decora)
  • northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
  • hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

Citation

Cohen, J.G., M.A. Kost, B.S. Slaughter, D.A. Albert, J.M. Lincoln, A.P. Kortenhoven, C.M. Wilton, H.D. Enander, and K.M. Korroch. 2020. Michigan Natural Community Classification [web application]. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Michigan State University Extension, Lansing, Michigan. Available https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification. (Accessed: October 20, 2020).