Rich Tamarack Swamp Plant List

Graminoids

  • blue-joint (Calamagrostis canadensis)
  • sedges (Carex bromoides, C. comosa, C. disperma, C. hystericina, C. lacustris, C. leptalea, C. stricta, and others)
  • wood reedgrass (Cinna arundinacea)
  • fowl manna grass (Glyceria striata)
  • cut grass (Leersia oryzoides)
  • fowl meadow grass (Poa palustris)

Forbs

  • jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
  • nodding bur-marigold (Bidens cernua)
  • tall swamp-marigold (Bidens trichosperma)
  • false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
  • marsh-marigold (Caltha palustris)
  • spring cress (Cardamine bulbosa)
  • Pennsylvania bitter cress (Cardamine pensylvanica)
  • cuckoo-flower (Cardamine pratensis)
  • turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
  • water hemlock (Cicuta bulbifera)
  • goldthread (Coptis trifolia)
  • small yellow lady-slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin)
  • flat-topped white aster (Doellingeria umbellata)
  • willow-herbs (Epilobium spp.)
  • bedstraws (Galium asprellum, G. labradoricum, G. tinctorium, and others)
  • northern bugle weed (Lycopus uniflorus)
  • tufted loosestrife (Lysimachia thyrsiflora)
  • Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
  • false mayflower (Maianthemum trifolium)
  • swamp saxifrage (Micranthes pensylvanica)
  • bishop’s-cap (Mitella diphylla)
  • golden ragwort (Packera aurea)
  • clearweed (Pilea pumila)
  • club-spur orchid (Platanthera clavellata)
  • great water dock (Rumex orbiculatus)
  • black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)
  • pitcher-plant (Sarracenia purpurea)
  • common skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata)
  • mad-dog skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)
  • goldenrods (Solidago patula, S. rugosa, and others)
  • smooth swamp aster (Symphyotrichum firmum)
  • panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)
  • calico aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)
  • swamp aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum)
  • skunk-cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)
  • starflower (Trientalis borealis)
  • violets (Viola spp.)

Ferns

  • crested shield fern (Dryopteris cristata)
  • sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
  • cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
  • royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
  • marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)

Fern Allies

  • water horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)

Mosses

  • brown mosses (Family Amblystegiaceae)
  • sphagnum mosses (Sphagnum spp.)

Woody Vines

  • virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)
  • red honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica)
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
  • riverbank grape (Vitis riparia)

Shrubs

  • black chokeberry (Aronia prunifolia)
  • bog birch (Betula pumila)
  • dogwoods (Cornus amomum, C. foemina, and C. sericea)
  • American hazelnut (Corylus americana)
  • winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  • alder-leaved buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia)
  • swamp gooseberry (Ribes hirtellum)
  • swamp rose (Rosa palustris)
  • dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)
  • wild red raspberry (Rubus strigosus)
  • willows (Salix bebbiana, S. discolor, S. serissima, and others)
  • poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix)
  • smooth highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
  • nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

Trees

  • red maple (Acer rubrum)
  • yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
  • musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana)
  • black ash (Fraxinus nigra)
  • red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  • tamarack (Larix laricina)
  • white pine (Pinus strobus)
  • quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)
  • swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
  • American elm (Ulmus americana)

Citation

Cohen, J.G., M.A. Kost, B.S. Slaughter, D.A. Albert, J.M. Lincoln, A.P. Kortenhoven, C.M. Wilton, H.D. Enander, and K.M. Korroch. 2020. Michigan Natural Community Classification [web application]. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Michigan State University Extension, Lansing, Michigan. Available https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification. (Accessed: October 20, 2020).