Rich Conifer Swamp Plant List

Graminoids

  • blue-joint (Calamagrostis canadensis)
  • sedges (Carex disperma, C. eburnea, C. gynocrates, C. interior, C. leptalea, C. pedunculata, C. trisperma, C. vaginata, and others)
  • fowl manna grass (Glyceria striata)
  • cut grass (Leersia oryzoides)
  • fowl meadow grass (Poa palustris)

Forbs

  • wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
  • Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
  • marsh-marigold (Caltha palustris)
  • small enchanter’s-nightshade (Circaea alpina)
  • bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)
  • goldthread (Coptis trifolia)
  • lady-slippers (Cypripedium spp.)
  • willow-herbs (Epilobium spp.)
  • fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)
  • purple avens (Geum rivale)
  • creeping rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera repens)
  • tesselated rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera tesselata)
  • jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
  • wild blue flag (Iris versicolor)
  • twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
  • Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
  • false mayflower (Maianthemum trifolium)
  • partridge berry (Mitchella repens)
  • naked miterwort (Mitella nuda)
  • one-flowered pyrola (Moneses uniflora)
  • broad-leaved twayblade (Neottia convallarioides)
  • heartleaf twayblade (Neottia cordata)
  • one-sided pyrola (Orthilia secunda)
  • sweet-coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus)
  • northern green orchid (Platanthera aquilonis)
  • club-spur orchid (Platanthera clavellata)
  • Lake Huron green orchid (Platanthera huronensis)
  • blunt-leaved orchid (Platanthera obtusata)
  • gay-wings (Polygala paucifolia)
  • pyrolas (Pyrola americana and P. asarifolia)
  • common skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata)
  • mad-dog skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)
  • starflower (Trientalis borealis)
  • violets (Viola spp.)

Ferns

  • bulblet fern (Cystopteris bulbifera)
  • wood ferns (Dryopteris spp.)
  • oak fern (Gymnocarpium dryopteris)
  • sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
  • cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
  • northern beech fern (Phegopteris connectilis)
  • marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)

Fern Allies

  • water horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)
  • dwarf scouring rush (Equisetum scirpoides)
  • woodland horsetail (Equisetum sylvaticum)

Mosses

  • ribbed bog moss (Aulacomnium palustre)
  • calliergon moss (Calliergon cordifolium)
  • big red stem moss (Pleurozium schreberi)
  • sphagnum mosses (Sphagnum spp.)

Woody Vines

  • red honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica)
  • hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hirsuta)
  • poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)

Shrubs

  • tag alder (Alnus incana)
  • bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
  • round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)
  • red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea)
  • creeping snowberry (Gaultheria hispidula)
  • wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
  • huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
  • mountain holly (Ilex mucronata)
  • winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  • Canadian fly honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis)
  • swamp fly honeysuckle (Lonicera oblongifolia)
  • alder-leaved buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia)
  • Labrador-tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum)
  • currants (Ribes americanum, R. hirtellum, R. hudsonianum, R. lacustre, and R. triste)
  • dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)
  • blueberries (Vaccinium spp.)

Trees

  • balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
  • red maple (Acer rubrum)
  • yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
  • paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
  • black ash (Fraxinus nigra)
  • tamarack (Larix laricina)
  • black spruce (Picea mariana)
  • white spruce (Picea glauca)
  • white pine (Pinus strobus)
  • balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)
  • quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)
  • northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
  • hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
  • American elm (Ulmus americana)

Citation

Cohen, J.G., M.A. Kost, B.S. Slaughter, D.A. Albert, J.M. Lincoln, A.P. Kortenhoven, C.M. Wilton, H.D. Enander, and K.M. Korroch. 2020. Michigan Natural Community Classification [web application]. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Michigan State University Extension, Lansing, Michigan. Available https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification. (Accessed: October 20, 2020).