Lakeplain Oak Openings Plant List

Graminoids

  • big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)
  • blue-joint (Calamagrostis canadensis)
  • sedges (Carex aquatilis, C. pensylvanica, C. stricta, and others)
  • twig-rush (Cladium mariscoides)
  • panic grasses (Dichanthelium spp.)
  • switch grass (Panicum virgatum)
  • little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)
  • Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans)
  • cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

Forbs

  • purple false foxglove (Agalinis purpurea)
  • common false foxglove (Agalinis tenuifolia)
  • colic root (Aletris farinosa)
  • hog-peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata)
  • Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)
  • thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)
  • milkweeds (Asclepias incarnata, A. purpurascens, A. syriaca, A. tuberosa, A. verticillata, and others)
  • false foxgloves (Aureolaria flava, a. pedicularia, and A. virginica)
  • wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria)
  • bastard-toadflax (Comandra umbellata)
  • sand coreopsis (Coreopsis lanceolata)
  • tall coreopsis (Coreopsis tripteris)
  • tick-trefoils (Desmodium spp.)
  • flowering spurge (Euphorbia corollata)
  • wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
  • northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)
  • woodland sunflower (Helianthus divaricatus)
  • tall sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)
  • hairy bush-clover (Lespedeza hirta)
  • rough blazing-star (Liatris aspera)
  • cylindrical blazing-star (Liatris cylindracea)
  • marsh blazing-star (Liatris spicata)
  • Michigan lily (Lilium michiganense)
  • wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum)
  • hairy puccoon (Lithospermum caroliniense)
  • wild lupine (Lupinus perennis)
  • false spikenard (Maianthemum racemosum)
  • wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
  • common mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)
  • goldenrods (Solidago altissima, S. ohioensis, S. riddellii, S. rugosa, and others)
  • prairie heart-leaved aster (Symphyotrichum oolentangiense)
  • yellow-pimpernel (Taenidia integerrima)
  • Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

Ferns

  • bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)

Woody Vines

  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • greenbriers (Smilax hispida and S. rotundifolia)
  • poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
  • summer grape (Vitis aestivalis)
  • riverbank grape (Vitis riparia)

Shrubs

  • serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.)
  • bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
  • black chokeberry (Aronia prunifolia)
  • New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus)
  • buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
  • sweetfern (Comptonia peregrina)
  • dogwoods (Cornus amomum, C. foemina, and C. sericea)
  • American hazelnut (Corylus americana)
  • shrubby cinquefoil (Dasiphora fruticosa)
  • wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
  • huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
  • winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  • cherries and plums (Prunus americana, P. pumila, and P. virginiana)
  • sumacs (Rhus copallina and Rhus typhina)
  • pasture rose (Rosa carolina)
  • prairie rose (Rosa setigera)
  • northern dewberry (Rubus flagellaris)
  • swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus)
  • willows (Salix eriocephala, S. humilis, and S. myricoides)
  • blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium and V. myrtilloides)
  • maple-leaved arrow-wood (Viburnum acerifolium)

Trees

  • red maple (Acer rubrum)
  • silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
  • juneberry (Amelanchier arborea)
  • bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)
  • pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
  • shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)
  • hawthorns (Crataegus spp.)
  • green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
  • black cherry (Prunus serotina)
  • white oak (Quercus alba)
  • swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
  • bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
  • pin oak (Quercus palustris)
  • black oak (Quercus velutina)
  • sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

Citation

Cohen, J.G., M.A. Kost, B.S. Slaughter, D.A. Albert, J.M. Lincoln, A.P. Kortenhoven, C.M. Wilton, H.D. Enander, and K.M. Korroch. 2020. Michigan Natural Community Classification [web application]. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Michigan State University Extension, Lansing, Michigan. Available https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification. (Accessed: October 20, 2020).