Southern Hardwood Swamp Plant List

Graminoids

  • sedges (Carex bromoides, C. gracillima, C. intumescens, C. lupulina, C. radiata, C. stipata, and others)
  • wood reedgrass (Cinna arundinacea)
  • fowl manna grass (Glyceria striata)
  • cut grass (Leersia oryzoides)
  • fowl meadow grass (Poa palustris)

Forbs

  • jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
  • beggar-ticks (Bidens spp.)
  • false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
  • marsh-marigold (Caltha palustris)
  • spring cresses (Cardamine bulbosa and C. douglassii)
  • turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
  • golden saxifrage (Chrysosplenium americanum)
  • enchanter’s-nightshade (Circaea canadensis)
  • goldthread (Coptis trifolia)
  • small yellow lady-slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin)
  • flat-topped white aster (Doellingeria umbellata)
  • willow-herbs (Epilobium spp.)
  • jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
  • southern blue flag (Iris virginica)
  • wood nettle (Laportea canadensis)
  • Michigan lily (Lilium michiganense)
  • cardinal-flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  • northern bugle weed (Lycopus uniflorus)
  • tufted loosestrife (Lysimachia thyrsiflora)
  • Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
  • swamp saxifrage (Micranthes pensylvanica)
  • bishop’s cap (Mitella diphylla)
  • golden ragwort (Packera aurea)
  • smartweeds (Persicaria spp.)
  • clearweed (Pilea pumila)
  • purple fringed orchid (Platanthera psycodes)
  • swamp buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus)
  • black snakeroots (Sanicula marilandica and S. odorata)
  • mad-dog skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)
  • water-parsnip (Sium suave)
  • goldenrods (Solidago patula, S. rugosa, and others)
  • calico aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)
  • swamp aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum)
  • skunk-cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)
  • purple meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

Ferns

  • maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum)
  • wood ferns (Dryopteris spp.)
  • sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
  • cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
  • marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)

Woody Vines

  • moonseed (Menispermum canadense)
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
  • riverbank grape (Vitis riparia)

Shrubs

  • buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
  • dogwoods (Cornus amomum and C. foemina)
  • winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  • spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
  • wild black currant (Ribes americanum)
  • prickly gooseberry (Ribes cynosbati)
  • dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)
  • elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
  • smooth highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
  • nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

Trees

  • red maple (Acer rubrum)
  • silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
  • yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
  • musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana)
  • hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
  • black ash (Fraxinus nigra)
  • green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
  • sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)
  • cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
  • swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
  • bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
  • pin oak (Quercus palustris)
  • basswood (Tilia americana)
  • American elm (Ulmus americana)

Citation

Cohen, J.G., M.A. Kost, B.S. Slaughter, D.A. Albert, J.M. Lincoln, A.P. Kortenhoven, C.M. Wilton, H.D. Enander, and K.M. Korroch. 2020. Michigan Natural Community Classification [web application]. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Michigan State University Extension, Lansing, Michigan. Available https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification. (Accessed: October 20, 2020).