Emergent Marsh Plant List

Submergent Plants

  • coontail (Ceratophyllum demersum)
  • muskgrasses (Chara spp.)
  • common waterweed (Elodea canadensis)
  • water star-grass (Heteranthera dubia)
  • milfoils (Myriophyllum spp.)
  • naiads (Najas flexilis, and others)
  • stoneworts (Nitella spp.)
  • pondweeds (Potamogeton spp.)
  • submergent bulrush (Schoenoplectus subterminalis)
  • bladderworts (Utricularia gibba, U. intermedia, and U. vulgaris)
  • water-celery (Vallisneria americana)

Rooted Floating-leaved Plants

  • water-shield (Brasenia schreberi)
  • yellow pond-lilies (Nuphar advena and N. variegata)
  • sweet-scented waterlily (Nymphaea odorata)
  • large-leaved pondweed (Potamogeton amplifolius)
  • Illinois pondweed (Potamogeton illinoensis)

Non-rooted Floating Plants

  • small duckweed (Lemna minor)
  • star duckweed (Lemna trisulca)
  • red duckweed (Lemna turionifera)
  • great duckweed (Spirodela polyrhiza)
  • water meals (Wolffia spp.)

Emergent Plants

Graminoids

  • sedges (Carex aquatilis, C. comosa, C. lacustris, C. lasiocarpa, C. oligosperma, C. stricta, and others)
  • three-way sedge (Dulichium arundinaceum)
  • spike-rushes (Eleocharis acicularis, E. elliptica, E. equisetoides, E. obtusa, E. palustris, E. quinqueflora, and others)
  • manna grasses (Glyceria borealis, G. canadensis, and G. striata)
  • cut grass (Leersia oryzoides)
  • common reed (Phragmites australis subsp. americanus)
  • hardstem bulrush (Schoenoplectus acutus)
  • threesquare (Schoenoplectus pungens)
  • softstem bulrush (Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani)
  • wild rice (Zizania aquatica
  • northern wild rice (Zizania palustris)

Forbs

  • water-plantain (Alisma subcordatum and A. triviale)
  • pipewort (Eriocaulon aquaticum)
  • smartweeds (Persicaria amphibia, P. hydropiper, P. lapathifolia, and others)
  • pickerel-weed (Pontederia cordata)
  • arrowheads (Sagittaria graminea, S. latifolia, and S. rigida)
  • bur-reeds (Sparganium americanum, S. angustifolium, S. emersum, S. eurycarpum, S. fluctuans, and S. natans)
  • broad-leaved cat-tail (Typha latifolia)

Ferns

  • marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)

Citation

Cohen, J.G., M.A. Kost, B.S. Slaughter, D.A. Albert, J.M. Lincoln, A.P. Kortenhoven, C.M. Wilton, H.D. Enander, and K.M. Korroch. 2020. Michigan Natural Community Classification [web application]. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Michigan State University Extension, Lansing, Michigan. Available https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification. (Accessed: October 20, 2020).