Dryopteris fragrans
Fragrant cliff woodfern
Image of Dryopteris fragrans

Photo by Michael R. Penskar 

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Key Characteristics

Small aromatic fern (6-25 cm tall) of cliffs; blades densely scaly at base; old decaying blades often present.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: SC
  • State Rank: S3
  • Global Rank: G5


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Distribution map for Dryopteris fragrans

Updated 7/21/2017. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


Found on open rock outcrops in the Western Upper Peninsula (granite-quartzite and basaltic formations) as well as shaded talus slopes.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Rusty woodsia, fragile fern, rock spikemoss, columbine, slender cliff-brake, common polypody, maidenhair spleenwort, and smooth woodsia.


Maintain natural habitat and disturbance processes. Protect where necessary from excessive foot traffic and other impacts due to recreation, such as rock climbing. May be susceptible to invasive plants.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgement of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at http://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/explorer [Accessed Mar 18, 2018]

More Information

See MNFI Species Abstract


Survey References

Technical References

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