|Beach three-awned grass|
Photo by Emmet J. Judziewicz
Small tufted annual grass (30-70 cm) of dry sandy soil; spikelets with three awns, which are twisted together at the base to form a column (5-9 mm).
Status and Rank
- State Status: E
- State Rank: S1
- Global Rank: G5
|County Name||Number of Occurrences||Year Last Observed|
Updated 7/21/2017. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.
Known only from two collections in sandy barrens in southwestern Lower Michigan. Historically, it likely occurred in dry sand prairie or oak barrens landscapes.
Natural Community Types
For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.
Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.
Sassafras, hairy pinweed, Indian grass, horsemint, flowering spurge, sunflower, black oak, and old field goldenrod.
Requires early successional or open habitat and local disturbance. Fire may also be important in maintaining habitat.
General Survey Guidelines
Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgement of the investigator.
- Meander search
Survey Period: From fourth week of August to fourth week of October
Survey Comments: Recognizable as long as spikelets persist
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- Gleason, H. A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second edition. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. 910pp.
- Holmgren, N.H. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the vascular plants of Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. 937pp.
- Voss, E. G. 1972. Michigan Flora. Part I. Gymnosperms and Monocots. Bulletin of the Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. 488pp.