Eleocharis nitida
Slender spike rush
Image of Eleocharis nitida

Photo by Susan R. Crispin 

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Key Characteristics

Very small spike-rush (10 cm) of poorly drained sands in the Upper Peninsula; plants mat-forming, arising from purple rhizomes; achenes dark yellow, topped by a brown saucer-shaped cap.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: E
  • State Rank: S1
  • Global Rank: G4


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Distribution map for Eleocharis nitida

Updated 5/15/2018. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


Known from only one locality in Schoolcraft county growing on wet peaty sand in and along two-tracks. Elsewhere in its distribution, this spike-rush inhabits damp acidic peat, sand, or rock.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Pale St. John's-wort, round-leaved sundew, bluejoint grass, yellow sedge, grass leaved goldenrod, and lance-leaved violet.


Requires conservation of habitat and natural hydrological regime. This species may be found elsewhere in the Upper Peninsula, where it occurs in association with vast peatland complexes.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgement of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at http://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/explorer [Accessed Aug 18, 2018]


Survey References

Technical References

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