|Michigan monkey flower|
Photo by Michael R. Penskar
Prostrate mat-forming forb of calcareous seeps in the Grand Traverse and Mackinac Straits areas; leaves rounded and opposite, with coarsely toothed margins; tubular flowers (15-25 cm) with yellow petals and a red-spotted lower lip.
Status and Rank
- State Status: E - Endangered (legally protected)
- US Status: LE - Listed Endangered
- State Rank: S1 - Critically imperiled
- Global Rank: G5T1
|County Name||Number of Occurrences||Year Last Observed|
Updated 10/1/2014. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.
The only plant entirely endemic to Michigan, this monkey-flower is found in cold calcareous springs, seeps, and streams through northern white-cedar as well as at the base of bluffs near the Great Lakes shoreline.
Natural Community Types
- Rich conifer swamp
- Headwater stream (1st-2nd order), pool
- Headwater stream (1st-2nd order), run
- Emergent marsh
- Great lakes marsh
- Hardwood-conifer swamp
- Northern wet meadow
- Sand and gravel beach
Northern white cedar, balsam fir, tag alder, marsh-marigold, watercress, impatiens, jewelweed, and forget-me-not.
This species requires maintenance of cold water source. Prevent disruptions to hydrology, including flow, oxygenation, turbidity.
General Survey Guidelines
Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgement of the investigator.
- Meander search
Survey Period: From third week of June to third week of August
Survey Comments: Often occurs with the non-native forget-me-not
More InformationSee MNFI Species Abstract
- Elzinga, C.L., D.W. Salzer, and J.W. Willoughby. 1998. Measuring and Monitoring Plant Populations. The Nature Conservancy and Bureau of Land Management, Denver. BLM Technical Reference 1730-1. 477pp.
- Goff, G.F., G.A. Dawson, and J.J. Rochow. 1982. Site examination for Threatened and Endangered plant species. Environmental Management 6(4): 307-316
- Nelson, J.R. 1984. Rare Plant Field Survey Guidelines. In: J.P. Smith and R. York. Inventory of rare and endangered vascular plants of California. 3rd Ed. California Native Plant Society, Berkeley. 174pp.
- Nelson, J.R. 1986. Rare Plant Surveys: Techniques For Impact Assessment. Natural Areas Journal 5(3):18-30.
- Nelson, J.R. 1987. Rare Plant Surveys: Techniques for Impact Assessment. In: Conservation and management of rare and endangered plants. Ed. T.S. Elias. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento. 8pp.
- Gleason, H. A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second edition. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. 910pp.
- Gray, A. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany; eighth ed. Van Nostrand Reinghold, New York. 1632pp.
- Holmgren, N.H. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the vascular plants of Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. 937pp.
- Voss, E.G. 1996. Michigan Flora. Part III. Dicots (Pyrolaceae-Compositae). Bulletin of the Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. 622pp.