Photo by Michael R. Penskar
Very large stout forb (2 m) of forested river bluffs and openings within floodplain forest; leaves opposite, deeply pinnately divided; flowers yellow, sessile in leaf axils, forming a broad floral tube.
Status and Rank
- State Status: E
- State Rank: S1
- Global Rank: G4
|County Name||Number of Occurrences||Year Last Observed|
Updated 1/31/2017. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.
This species is known from forested river bluffs and a grassy opening in a floodplain forest. Elsewhere in its range, this species occurs in dry to moist woodlands, forests, and savannas.
Natural Community Types
For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.
Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.
Feel free to send questions and comments to Brad Slaughter at firstname.lastname@example.org.
In adjacent areas in Illinois, associates include such species as bitternut hickory, hackberry, white and red oak, hop hornbeam, zig-zag goldenrod, and redbud.
In oak forest and savanna, probably requires prescribed fire to maintain its habitat.
General Survey Guidelines
Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgement of the investigator.
- Meander search
Survey Period: From first week of July to fourth week of September
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- Voss, E.G. 1996. Michigan Flora. Part III. Dicots (Pyrolaceae-Compositae). Bulletin of the Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. 622pp.