Galium kamtschaticum
Image of Galium kamtschaticum

Photo by Bradford S. Slaughter 

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Key Characteristics

Small forb (20 cm) of seeps within rich northern forests; leaves in whorls of 4, ovate with 3 prominent veins; flowers white, on short pedicels; fruit with hooked bristles.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: E
  • State Rank: S1
  • Global Rank: G5


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Distribution map for Galium kamtschaticum

Updated 5/15/2018. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


Very local around cold pools and springs in northern hardwoods in gently sloping topography.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

American beech, sugar maple, yellow birch, hemlock, lady fern, wood sorrel, sedge (Carex scabrata), New York fern, shining clubmoss, jewelweed, oak fern, Canada mayflower, sarsaparilla, evergreen woodfern, naked miterwort, fly honeysuckle, balsam fir, twisted-stalk, and golden saxifrage.


Requires protection of hydrology, as this species appears to depend on cool groundwater-fed springs and seeps. May be impacted by excessive timber harvesting.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at [Accessed Aug 18, 2018]


Survey References

Technical References

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