Photo by Gary Reese
Perennial forb of oak barrens, oak-pine barrens, dry sand prairie, and alvar; leaves pinnately compound and hairy; flowers purple to dark red, borne on tall, mostly leafless shoots; fruit with long silky, rosy plumes.
Status and Rank
- State Status: T - Threatened (legally protected)
- State Rank: S2S3 - Rank is uncertain, ranging from imperiled to vulnerable
- Global Rank: G5 - Secure
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Updated 05/08/2013. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.
Found on lower slopes of dry sand prairie and barrens as well as limestone pavement on Drummond Island with seasonally wet soils.
Natural Community Types
Lance-leaved coreopsis, prairie alum-root, prickly pear, downy phlox, hairy beard-tongue, big bluestem, little bluestem, Pennsylvania, tower mustard, whorled milkweed, Ohio horse mint, old field balsam, hairy hawkweed, dwarf dandelion, rough blazing star, cylindrical blazing star, blue toadflax, wild lupine, horsemint, racemed milkwort, panic grass, venus looking glass. In alvar, associates may include: stiff sandwort, pussy- toes, Indian paintbrush, flat-stemmed spikerush, ragwort, ground juniper, bee-balm, harebell, wild columbine, shrubby cinquefoil, prairie dropseed, cat's foot, Canadian milk vetch, field chickweed, bastard toad flax, hair grass, and old field goldenrod.
The habitat of this species has been severely degraded and diminished. Conservation and restoration of native prairie remnants is necessary. This species likely requires natural disturbances associated with prairie habitat such as prescribed fire and brush removal. Since this species flowers and fruits in spring, prescribed burns should be limited to mid summer and fall. Local disturbance may favor establishment but persistent or severe disturbances threaten the survival of the species. In alvar habitat, maintenance of hydrology is likely important.
General Survey Guidelines
Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.
- Meander search
Survey Period: From first week of May to third week of June
More InformationSee MNFI Species Abstract
- Elzinga, C.L., D.W. Salzer, and J.W. Willoughby. 1998. Measuring and Monitoring Plant Populations. The Nature Conservancy and Bureau of Land Management, Denver. BLM Technical Reference 1730-1. 477pp.
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- Nelson, J.R. 1984. Rare Plant Field Survey Guidelines. In: J.P. Smith and R. York. Inventory of rare and endangered vascular plants of California. 3rd Ed. California Native Plant Society, Berkeley. 174pp.
- Nelson, J.R. 1986. Rare Plant Surveys: Techniques For Impact Assessment. Natural Areas Journal 5(3):18-30.
- Nelson, J.R. 1987. Rare Plant Surveys: Techniques for Impact Assessment. In: Conservation and management of rare and endangered plants. Ed. T.S. Elias. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento. 8pp.
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- Holmgren, N.H. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the vascular plants of Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. 937pp.
- Scoggan, H.J. 1978. The Flora of Canada. National Museum of Natural Science Publications Botany 4: 1711pp.
- Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region, 4th ed. Indiana Academy of Science, Indianapolis. 921pp.
- Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II. Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bulletin of the Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. 724pp.