Primula meadia
Shooting star
Image of Primula meadia

Photo by Susan R. Crispin 

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Key Characteristics

Tall perennial forb (60 cm) of wet-mesic to mesic prairies and prairie fen; leaves mostly basal and lanceolate; nodding flowers pink with reflexed petals and a protruding column of anthers.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: E
  • State Rank: S1
  • Global Rank: G5


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Distribution map for Primula meadia

Updated 5/15/2018. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


Occurs in wet-mesic to mesic prairie and prairie fen, including remnants on railroad rights-of-way. The species is currently known from only two sites in Michigan.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Prairie slough grass, strict sedge, Bebb's sedge, bluejoint grass, meadow parsnip, late meadow-rue, nodding wild onion, marsh fern, sensitive fern, horsetail, big bluestem, little bluestem, cordgrass, prairie coreopsis, wild geranium, pale-leaved sunflower, false boneset, smooth sumac, rosin weed, yellow-pimpernel, hoary vervain, prairie violet, golden alexanders, and Jacob's ladder. At the Menominee County locality, shooting star grows on a relatively dry, sandy railroad grade with pale coneflower, sweet grass, bluestem, and several other prairie forbs.


Requires protection of hydrology, groundwater source, and natural disturbance regime. This species benefits from fen management that includes prescribed fire and brush removal, which maintains open habitat and reduces competing woody vegetation. Control invasive species, including glossy buckthorn and cattails.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at [Accessed Sep 24, 2018]

More Information

See MNFI Species Abstract


Survey References

Technical References

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