Viburnum prunifolium
Black haw
Image of Viburnum prunifolium

Photo by Ryan P. O'Connor 

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Key Characteristics

Medium to tall shrub of upland and lowland forests; leaves opposite and unlobed with finely scalloped margins and acute teeth, the apex rounded or with a very short tip.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: SC
  • State Rank: S3
  • Global Rank: G5


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
St. Joseph1
Van Buren22006
Distribution map for Viburnum prunifolium

Updated 5/15/2018. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


Black haw is found in floodplain forests, moist woods, and in oak woods in southern Lower Michigan.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Silver maple, American elm, cottonwood, spicebush, hackberry, basswood, tulip tree, white oak, sugar maple, blue-beech, nannyberry, flowering dogwood, and mayapple.


Conserve riparian habitat via maintenance of hydrological regime and other natural disturbance processes. Excessive timber cutting may possibly impact this species.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at [Accessed Aug 16, 2018]


Survey References

Technical References

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