Silene stellata
Starry campion
Image of Silene stellata

Photo by Stephen L. Solheim 

Key Characteristics

Small forb of forested banks, oak woodlands, and savannas; stems clustered and finely pubescent, bearing long-tapering lanceolate leaves in whorls of four; flowers white with 5 deeply fringed petals.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: T
  • State Rank: S2
  • Global Rank: G5

Occurrences

County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Berrien42015
Branch11860
Calhoun11860
Cass52005
Hillsdale11860
Jackson11860
Kalamazoo51983
St. Joseph42014
Distribution map for Silene stellata

Updated 1/31/2017. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.

Habitat

Starry campion occurs in dry, open woodlands on sandy soils, dry-mesic forest on or just above the upper margin of river floodplains, and savanna and prairie remnants in the southern Lower Peninsula.

Natural Community Types

Methodology

For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Pussy-toes, Pennsylvania sedge, tall bellflower, gray dogwood, black walnut, black cherry, bur oak, leadplant, heath aster, tall coreopsis, flowering spurge, yellow coneflower, and prairie dock.

Management

It is likely that fire suppression and subsequent canopy closure adversely affects this species. Prescribed fire and removal of excessive brush are likely beneficial activities.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at http://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/explorer [Accessed May 27, 2017]

References

Survey References

Technical References

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