Solidago bicolor
White goldenrod
Image of Solidago bicolor

Photo by Emmet J. Judziewicz 

More Images

Key Characteristics

Medium-sized forb (up to 1 m) of open woods; stem densely pubescent, bearing broadly elliptic to obovate leaves that increase in size toward the base of the stem; inflorescence a terminal wand-like cluster of white or cream flowers.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: E
  • State Rank: S1
  • Global Rank: G5


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
St. Clair11896
Distribution map for Solidago bicolor

Updated 5/15/2018. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


White goldenrod is known from historical collections in southern Lower Michigan, where it occurred in dry sandy woods and banks. It was recently rediscovered in Michigan after not being seen for more than 100 years.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Few associate data are known, other than noting that this species occurred in oak woods.


The primary need for this species is status survey, as it may persist in oak barrens or prairie remnants. It would likely benefit from habitat protection and activities that maintain prairie and savanna such as prescribed burning and brush removal.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at [Accessed Sep 24, 2018]


Survey References

Technical References

Facebook link