Echinacea purpurea
Purple coneflower
Image of Echinacea purpurea

Photo by Brad Slaughter 

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Key Characteristics

Stout perennial forb (1 m or more) of mesic prairies; leaves broadly lanceolate, toothed, hairy; flowers large with a dark central disk and numerous purple drooping petals.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: X
  • State Rank: SX
  • Global Rank: G4


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
St. Joseph11838
Distribution map for Echinacea purpurea

Updated 5/15/2018. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


Found in prairie remnants. Many populations of this species are introduced, and only naturally occurring ones are tracked. The last undisputed wild populations have not been observed since the late 1800s.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Big bluestem, little bluestem, Indian grass, bee-balm, butterfly weed, blazing star, and green milkweed.


Widespread via plantings, but not known to be extant via any known native populations. If found, it would likely benefit from prescribed burning and control of woody species.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at [Accessed Sep 25, 2018]


Survey References

Technical References

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