Vertigo hubrichti
Hubricht's vertigo
Image of Vertigo hubrichti

Photo by Jeff Nekola 

Key Characteristics

This is a small land snail with a cinnamon-colored cylindrical (beehive-shaped) shell that is 2 mm in height with 5 to 5.5 whorls. The aperture (main opening) has a long, deep impression over the palatal folds (ridges on the terminal or outer part of the body whorl) and 6 orange teeth.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: E
  • State Rank: S2
  • Global Rank: G3Q


County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Distribution map for Vertigo hubrichti

Updated 5/15/2018. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.


Hubricht's vertigo is found on partially wooded calcareous cliffs and talus slopes as well as alvar. It is often found in crevices with small patches of decaying leaves. It is believed to be a glacial relict and was presumed extinct until found alive on algific (cool air-producing) talus slopes.

Natural Community Types


For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.


Land-use activities that remove forest canopy cover and alter critical habitat requirements such as cool microclimate and moisture availability should be avoided at occupied sites. These include activities such as timber harvesting, residential development, and road building. The species also is sensitive to excessive trampling and ORV use.

Active Period

Active from first week of June to fourth week of September

Survey Methods

Surveys can be conducted anytime during the growing season, but are most successful in spring and fall following rain showers or when the soil is moist, and during higher relative humidity conditions and cooler temperatures. Visual surveys consist of looking for individuals crawling on the ground, in moist leaf litter, and on or under woody debris. Litter sampling consists of collecting soil and leaf litter samples in the field and drying, sifting and looking for snail shells in the litter samples in the laboratory.

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at [Accessed Sep 22, 2018]


Survey References

Technical References

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