Plants and Animals
Eleocharis radicans Spike rush
Small mat-forming spike-rush (10 cm) of bogs; culms very soft and spongy, topped by small spikelets (2-3 mm) with pale brown scales; achenes very elongated, brown, with small pyramidal cap.
Status and Rank
US Status: No Status/Not Listed
State Status: X - Presumed extirpated (legally 'threatened' if rediscovered)
Global Rank: G5 - Secure
State Rank: S1 - Critically imperiled
|County||Number of Occurrences||Year Last Observed|
Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.
The Washtenaw locality where this spike-rush was collected is a sedge-sphagnum bog with a floating mat surrounding open water. There are no other Michigan data on habitat. Elsewhere this species occurs in wet sands and mucks, marshy pond and lakeshores, and often grows in floating mats. It was last documented in Michigan in 1930.
Natural Community Types
For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.
Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.
Sedges (Carex species, probably including C. lasiocarpa), sphagnum moss, and spike-rush (Eleocharis olivacea).
If found, it would likely require conservation of habitat and natural hydrological regime. Likely susceptible to invasive species, particularly purple loosestrife and glossy buckthorn.
Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgement of the investigator.
Survey Period: From fourth week of July to fourth week of August
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- Rothrock, P.E. 2009 Sedges of Indiana and the Adjacent States, The Non-Carex Species. Indiana Academy of Science, Indianapolis, IN. 270 pp.
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