Euonymus atropurpureus
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Image of Euonymus atropurpureus

Photo by Robert W. Freckmann 

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Key Characteristics

Medium-sized shrub (1-3 m) of floodplain forests; leaves ovate, opposite, pubescent on lower surface; flowers purple; fruit with a red fleshy aril.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: SC
  • State Rank: S3
  • Global Rank: G5

Occurrences

County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Allegan12007
Ionia12003
Kalamazoo11994
Kent22016
Lenawee41998
Muskegon32012
Oakland22001
Ottawa12012
St. Clair12011
St. Joseph12009
Washtenaw62003
Wayne42004
Distribution map for Euonymus atropurpureus

Updated 1/31/2017. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.

Habitat

Found in moist soil of floodplain forests in southern Lower Michigan.

Natural Community Types

Methodology

For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Associated Plants

Silver maple, red ash, Eastern cottonwood, black willow, sycamore, bladdernut, and spicebush.

Management

The species requires maintenance of riparian habitat through conservation of hydrological and natural disturbance regimes.

General Survey Guidelines

Random meander search covers areas that appear likely to have rare taxa, based on habitat and the judgment of the investigator.

Survey Methods

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at http://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/explorer [Accessed Jun 29, 2017]

More Information

See MNFI Species Abstract

References

Survey References

Technical References

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