Ophiogomphus anomalus
Extra-striped snaketail

Key Characteristics

Adults average 1.7 in long. The species has a bright green thorax with side stripes which form a conspicuous N-shape just above the leg bases. Face and occiput are green. There are heavy, black crosslines on face with the upward-arching lower line interrupted. The female snaketail has a pair of small, upright, black "horns" in the center of the occiput. Abdomen is mostly black with long, yellow top spots; spots on 7 and 8 are shorter. Segments 9 and 10 each show a round spot. Sides of segments 7 to 10 with variously shaped yellow spots. Legs black.

Status and Rank

  • State Status: SC
  • State Rank: S2S3
  • Global Rank: G4

Occurrences

County NameNumber of OccurrencesYear Last Observed
Gogebic51997
Iron51997
Distribution map for Ophiogomphus anomalus

Updated 7/21/2017. Information is summarized from MNFI's database of rare species and community occurrences. Data may not reflect true distribution since much of the state has not been thoroughly surveyed.

Habitat

Lotic - erosional depositional of small cold streams. Medium to large moderate-gradient rivers; free flowing with very high water quality, larvae burrow in bottom. Clear rapid rivers. Adults spend much of their time aloft and rarely perches low or on rocks. Adults appear in river/stream/riparian/floodplain corridor.

Specific Habitat Needs

Sand, gravel, cobble needed in Headwater Stream (1st-2nd order), Run, Mainstem Stream (3rd-4th order), Run

Natural Community Types

Methodology

For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.

Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon.

Management

Species threatened by habitat degradation, low water quality, siltation, non-point source pollution (agricultural). Threats also are altered sediment loads, dams, dredging, channelization, pesticides/herbicides, urban, municipal and industrial pollution.

Survey Methods

An exuvia survey consists of searching the banks and protruding rocks of rapid streams for the cast skin of dragonfly larvae. Adults apparently spend most of their time in treetops far from water, but can be found perched on bushes near the tree line bordering riffles. It rarely perches on rocks, and is unwary.

Page Citation

Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2007. Rare Species Explorer (Web Application). Available online at http://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/explorer [Accessed Nov 22, 2017]

More Information

See MNFI Species Abstract

References

Survey References

Technical References

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